2nd Grade » 2nd Grade

2nd Grade



The goals for second grade students include increasing the amount of time spent completing tasks, following routines, becoming more responsible and independent learners. 


Second graders, as lifelong learners, and problem solvers, are expected to work cooperatively with their peers.



English Language Arts

Literature: It is the foundation of the reading program. In second grade, students are learning to read.  The foundational skills of decoding words (breaking words apart into “chunks”), increasing their number of sight words, and reading two syllable words will help to improve their overall reading skills.  Students are guided in the overall structure of literature and informational text.  It is important for students to reread the text multiple times for understanding, accuracy, and fluency.   Second grade students learn the following components of literature: characters, setting, plot, text features, main idea, point of view, as well as comparing and contrasting text.      


Second grade students will experience Fundations (a phonics-based program), whole class guided lessons, and interactive read-alouds.  Independent reading is also part of Second Grade.  To meet the needs and interests of every individual, we provide a balance between shared class reading of texts, small group reading, partner reading, and independent reading of leveled books. Explicit strategies are taught for processing fiction and nonfiction texts.    


Vocabulary: Vocabulary plays a critical role in comprehension and understanding in the language arts.  In Second Grade, the focus of vocabulary instruction is on helping students learn the meaning of new words.  Students discuss these words and write a meaningful sentence for them.  Vocabulary words are revisited throughout the year and opportunities are provided for them to make connections in other content areas.  


Spelling: The focus of spelling instruction is to guide second graders to use the phonetic spelling of words and when needed to look up words (in a dictionary or using technology) as needed. 


Writing: Second grade students will experience different genres of writing throughout the year.  Writing units of study will focus on narratives, informative/explanatory, opinion writing, and a shared research project.  Through whole class minilessons, small group instruction, and individual conferences, students will receive explicit instruction on essential writing strategies and skills.


Second grade students at Turner Intermediate use Go Math.  In second grade, students are: 


  1. Extending understanding of base-ten notation
  2. Building fluency with addition and subtraction
  3. Using standard units of measurement
  4. Describing and analyzing shapes

In grade 2, students extend their understanding of the base-ten system. This includes ideas of counting in fives, tens, and multiples of hundreds, tens, and ones, as well as number relationships involving these units, including comparing. Students understand multi-digit numbers (up to 1000) written in base-ten notation, recognizing that the digits in each place represent amounts of thousands, hundreds, tens, or ones (e.g., 853 is 8 hundreds + 5 tens + 3 ones). 


Second grade students use their understanding of addition to develop fluency with addition and subtraction within 100. They solve problems within 1000 by applying their understanding of models for addition and subtraction, and they develop, discuss, and use efficient, accurate, and generalizable methods to compute sums and differences of whole numbers in base-ten notation, using their understanding of place value and the properties of operations. They select and accurately apply methods that are appropriate for the context and the numbers involved to mentally calculate sums and differences for numbers with only tens or only hundreds.

They recognize the need for standard units of measure (centimeter and inch) and they use rulers and other measurement tools with the understanding that linear measure involves an iteration of units. They recognize that the smaller the unit, the more iterations they need to cover a given length.

In grade 2, students describe and analyze shapes by examining their sides and angles. Students investigate, describe, and reason about decomposing and combining shapes to make other shapes. 


In second grade, students explore a wide variety of exciting and engaging scientific concepts. Through life, physical, earth/space, and health science studies, second graders learn about the world in which they live. 


Students in second grade learn about the world around them through observation and experimentation. They will learn to make more detailed observations and conclusions, using real world data to help validate hypotheses.  As children learn facts and vocabulary, they develop the ability to ask scientific questions, plan experiments to answer these questions, and develop reasonable explanations based on their observations.


Students engage in hands-on learning through scientific inquiry investigations, using FOSS kits.  We have a unit on Pebbles, Sand, and Silt as well as the Life Cycle of a Butterfly.

Social Studies

In second grade, students learn about their community.  They will compare their own community with others, specifically with an appreciation for valuing differences and multiculturalism.  They will explore how geography, language, culture and economics - among other things - help to make each community unique.  They will learn more about government, its roles, and how its officials are chosen.  They will read about important historical figures.